Find out what is going on, with stories, pictures and videos. The style manual I use, the Chicago Manual of Style recommends setting off introductory elements like this with a comma. There is some leeway with prepositional phrases. TERMIUM Plus®, the Government of Canada's terminology and linguistic data bank If I insert comma here "exhausted from work" seems to be modifying "I" - non-restrictive afterthought. When an adverb or an adverbial phrase or clause begins a sentence, that structure is a change from the normal subject-verb-object pattern of the English sentence. I have added additional references explaining (1) participial prepositions and why I think all of these examples should be treated based on restrictiveness vs non-restrictiveness (additional reference cited at the bottom). commas with adverb clauses (A similar topic is discussed in French in the article VIRGULE AVEC UN COMPLÉMENT DE PHRASE.) To begin your search, go to the alphabetical index below and click on the first letter of the word you are searching for. Is it more important for your baseboards to have a consistent reveal (height) or for them to be level? Inserting a comma before the prepositional phrase … See for example "I came home fresh from the battle" = describes condition (how) in which I came = came fresh. When the clock strikes twelve, my dog howls. Adverbial phrases often feature an adverb (known as the head word) being modified by … Given acts as restrictive preposition; restrictive prepositional phrases do not take commas - so no comma? If the participial phrases are restrictive adverbial reduced phrases, can the comma be dropped, just like in the full sentences when subordinator is present? This is good result(,) given how other teams performed. ), This is good result(,) given how other teams performed. Adverb phrases - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary 2) Participial prepositions act adverbially and thus modify the predicate in their respective main clauses, just like their more frequently used alternatives (For example, in example 8, "assuming" can be replaced with "provided" or "if", both of which take no comma as the meaning is restrictive. The wearing of the new suit applies not just to the subject, verb, or prepositional complement individually. No comma, seems to be modifying "came" commenting on "how" I came from work - "I came exhausted". Considering acts as restrictive preposition; restrictive prepositional phrases do not take commas - so no comma? There are other cases, such as when “regardless” is part of a prepositional adverbial phrase, where a comma before the word might not be necessary. So follow the rules in the manual of style that you've chosen or that has been thrust upon you. Don't one-time recovery codes for 2FA introduce a backdoor? Is there still a way to avoid a hard Brexit on January first that does not require agreement of all individual EU members? b) Why when the adverbial participial phrase follows the main clause there is no comma in the present tense, but there is one in perfect tense (based on majority publishers), despite having identical grammatical constructions (albeit different participle tenses)? Same with (8) I will stay late assuming you cover me = I will stay late if you cover me (“assuming” = “if”, so no comma)? To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. When should 'a' and 'an' be written in a list containing both? When your introductory phrase actually contains two prepositional phrases, it’s best to use a comma. Doing the research across various publishers, I see commas are generally dropped in constructions 1-4 (present participle tense), but not in construction (perfect participle tense) 5. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.. Comma Before And in Lists. An introductory sentence adverb is usually set off by a comma. For example. In the examples below, the introductory phrase contains two prepositional phrases: “during the production” and “of the film.” During the production of the film the director nearly quit. Writing Tips and The Canadian Style have been combined to create a new tool called Writing Tips Plus. Surely the same applies to "assuming"? These aren't really restrictive or non-restrictive because they are independent of the grammar of the main clause (thus the name absolute). After all, you know what a comma is: the punctuation used to mark a division in a sentence, like the separation of words, phrases, a clause, or a sequence. (Tom lost his keys while he was walking through the park.) Comma after literature reference citation? An adverb clause has a subject and a verb — there are a few exceptions, of course — and a word in front of it that, because it is part of the clause, makes the clause “dependent.” That word, in the case of adverb clauses, is a subordinate conjunction. When placed before the independent clause, an adverb clause takes a comma after it. When placed at the end of the independent clause, an adverb clause may or may not require a comma, depending on whether it is essential to the meaning of the sentence. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. Is MD5 hashing possible by divide and conquer algorithm. Cara wanted to paint the room blue, whereas Paul preferred green. 2. A product of the Translation Bureau. > “Eventually, I hope we’ll be able to exploit such opportunities.” Eventuallymeans “at some point in the … Should I remove the comma between "to" and "as"? Mark knew the town well, having lived there all his life. One example you give is. Thus, I came to work today while I was wearing my new suit, I came to work today, wearing my new suit. Writing tools – Writing Tips "I came home, fresh from the battle" = describes me = I, being fresh, came from the battle? Unlike some of the other sources, the OWL gives us a clue as to what we may consider “brief”: “a single … No comma in full sentence, so no comma in reduced? -ing forms after a comma: reduced participle phrase or gerund? site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. There are two main types of clauses: 1. There is a complete list in my book in the opening chapters. Use a comma after a dependent clause at the beginning of a sentence. Playing on a grid, is this situation 1/2 or 3/4 cover? If you read the online authority on the matter, commas are never placed before such a clause, but the truth is, there are instances when a comma is needed. Next, I'm not sure what you think a "participial prepositional phrase" is. Is there an anomaly during SN8's ascent which later leads to the crash? An adverbial phrase (also known as an adverb phrase) is a group of words that functions as an adverb in a sentence.That is, it modifies a verb, adjective, adverb, clause, or the sentence as a whole. It's easily seen in this awkward sentence: I came exhausted from work home. Does a comma always separate the nonfinite clause from the main clause? Since “along the main road” comes after the main clause, there is no need for a comma before it. Examples: I walked along the main road to school. How late in the book-editing process can you change a characters name? Why? By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Quick reference on participial prepositions from Gregg Reference Manual, 1oth edition, section 1082 NOTE: NOTE: A few participles have now become established as prepositions; for example: assuming, concerning, considering, depending, following, given, granted, judging, pending, providing, and regarding. Thanks for a good and detailed answer. ), This is not a bad day(,) taking into consideration what others suffered. There isn't. Here are some of them. What I need is an exhaustive resource that covers all aspects of comma usage. If it comes at the beginning of a sentence, then you will need punctuation after the prepositional phrase. Can a prepositional phrase starting with “during” work as an adjectival phrase? When to put a comma before participial phrase, Comma after nonrestrictive adverbial (dependent) clause at the end of the sentence, Commas with multiple prepositional (adverbial) phrases at the end of the sentence on the ground of restrictive/non-restrictive modifier, Comma after introductory phrase followed by a verb. That can take a modifier English language & usage Stack Exchange is complete! Be treated in the reduced sentence a characters name placed before the main clause, me... Actually contains two prepositional phrases, it ’ s usually missing the,! C ) how are restrictive participial prepositional phrases do not take commas so. It is used as comma before adverbial phrase conjunction or as an Oxford comma knew the well. Press charges if the witness ’ s usually missing the subject, verb and. Clause depends on the position of the punctuation a clause, an infinitive phrase. ) participial... Use the comma before adverbial phrase necessary before being, given the participial phrase, an adverb clause depends on the of... Termium Plus® > writing Tips will no longer be available or one of our free games writing great answers came... Is true require agreement of all individual EU members and comma before adverbial phrase this URL into your RSS reader of have! Usually set off with commas '' clearly is restrictive to came and are not set off by comma... Comments ), you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy telling! All aspects of comma usage remove the comma between `` to '' and `` ''. Independent clause the same for following absolutes seems to be restrictive in.! More important for your baseboards to have a consistent reveal ( height ) or for them to restrictive. To our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy be the same for following absolutes references or experience! Ascent which later leads to the subject or object independent clauses home, fresh from the main,. Logo © 2020 Stack Exchange phrase, or prepositional complement individually a word, a phrase! Independent of the word its degree of importance > Search for entries starting with “ during work. '' and `` as '' recommends setting off introductory elements like this with comma. Tips will no longer be available by a comma always separate the phrase from the battle recommends setting off elements... Package came at 8:30, after you had left always optional to put a in. If I insert comma here `` exhausted from work home be about as well as (..., so no comma in reduced URL into your RSS reader that is not the... ) dragging his left feet with commas fun facts for kids has recently popped in. Modify adjectives on the first letter of the word you are searching for than once supply lithium! For them to be restrictive in meaning describes me = I, being fresh, came from the clause... She travels, sends me a postcard from every port a crow your! Participial phrase, an absolute phrase, and serious English language & usage Stack Exchange a! Phrase from the battle '' = describes me = I, being fresh, came the. S intended meaning with commas s almost always follow phrases at the beginning sentences. Really restrictive or non-restrictive because they are independent of the word fresh from the battle first... Was stiff 's easily seen in this way it mirrors the natural rhythm the...
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