Taoism encourages a principle of non-force, or wu-wei, as the means to live harmoniously with the Tao. A very small percentage of the population earns more than 60 percent of the national income. Santeria: practiced in Cuba, the merging of the Yoruba religion of Nigeria with Roman Catholicism and native Indian traditions.  Other sources put the Protestant population higher than this, suggesting that it might have formed form one-third of the population in 2001. Among those younger than 30, however, about twice as many have used social networks than have used email to … The largest Christian denomination in the country is Roman Catholicism, which is estimated to be about 55 percent of the population according to the 2018 CIA World Factbook, and 57 percent according to the Pew Research Center. La grande majorité des Haïtiens pratique une religion puisque seulement 10,2 % de la population déclare n'être rattachée à aucune religion ou être athée. The majority of Haitians believe in and practice at least some aspects of voodoo. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. Unlike mainline Protestants, who perceive of the belief in non-Christian spirits as superstitions, Evangelical Protestants recast Haitian Vodou spirits as demons against whom Christ would fight. The historical background is very much due to the French influence brought about through the newly conquered territories. Modern Judaism has three basic categories of faith: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform/Liberal. Its sacred texts include the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament (or the Christian Gospels). While Catholicism has not been the state religion since 1987, a 19th-century concordat with the Holy See continues to confer preferential treatment to the Catholic Church, in the form of stipends for clergy and financial support to churches and religious schools. In modern Islam, Sunnis and Shia continue to have different views of acceptable schools of Islamic jurisprudence, and who is a proper Islamic religious authority. Ismaili tradition awaits the return of the seventh Imam as the Mahdi, or Islamic messianic figure. , Protestant and Catholic clergy have reported good relations with the government. Variants Ismaili faith: A sect of Shia Islam, its adherents are also known as "Seveners," because they believe that the rightful seventh Imam in Islamic leadership was Isma'il, the elder son of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq. Formulated in the 1860s, it holds that God lives in all of us and strives to convert society into a paradise on earth, populated by believers transformed into intelligent moral beings with a high social conscience. The local clergy has 400 diocesan priests and 300 seminarians. Haitian Catholics had idiosyncratic ideas about Jews, stemming from Catholic anti-Judaism, although many Vodou practitioners imagined themselves to be the descendants of Jews and to hold esoteric Judaic knowledge. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment. On 12 January 2010, Haiti was struck by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that left up to 85,000 people dead and around 1.6 million homeless.  Every Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, services are held at his residence. Hinduism has many scriptures; the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Bhagavad-Gita are among some of the most important.  Similar to the rest of Latin America, Saint-Domingue was built up by Roman Catholic European powers such as the Spanish and the French. Haiti ranked last for islam > percentage muslim amongst Failed states in 2004. Les autres religions se répartissent comme suit : Selon des sources protestantes, le protestantisme haïtien avoisinerait les 50 % en 2016, tout en étant parti de 1,5 % en 193012. Kimbanguist: a puritan form of the Baptist denomination founded by Simon Kimbangu in the 1920s in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. The predominant denomination is Roman Catholicism. It also triggered a massive cholera outbreak that devastated the population and the country Aire Métropolitaine, which contains the capital, Port-au-Prince, as well as other urban areas, is part of Ouest department. ). Almost 99% of Haitians claim at least one religion, with a part of them practicing some part of Vodou. Sikhs follow the teachings of Nanak and nine subsequent gurus. Most Haitians are Roman Catholic, while a growing number claim to be Protestant (estimates range from 20 to 30 percent). Land Haiti is bordered to the east by the Dominican Republic, which covers the rest of Hispaniola, to the south and west by the Caribbean, and to the north by the Atlantic Ocean.Cuba lies some 50 miles (80 km) west of Haiti’s northern peninsula, across the Windward … Basic Groupings Catholicism (or Roman Catholicism): This is the oldest established western Christian church and the world's largest single religious body. 30–35% of Haitians practice Protestantism (mostly Pentecostalism). Chondogyo: or the religion of the Heavenly Way, is based on Korean shamanism, Buddhism, and Korean folk traditions, with some elements drawn from Christianity. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. In regard to religion it is usually characterized as neither a belief nor non belief in a deity. In a speech in the capital of Port-au-Prince, he criti… Prior to the end of World War II, Shinto was the state religion of Japan, and bolstered the cult of the Japanese emperor. Most Hindus believe the soul, or atman, is eternal, and goes through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (samsara) determined by one's positive or negative karma, or the consequences of one's actions. Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God.  Haiti has only one public university: the University of Haiti in Port-au-Prince founded in 1944. Rastafarian: an afro-centrist ideology and movement based on Christianity that arose in Jamaica in the 1930s; it believes that Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930-74, was the incarnation of the second coming of Jesus. Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country. Prior to the spread of Islam, Zoroastrianism dominated greater Iran. , As of 2010, there is a small Islamic community in Haiti of around 4000â5000 Muslims, who mainly reside in Port-au-Prince, Cap-HaÃ¯tien and its surrounding suburbs. Sunni has four schools of Islamic doctrine and law - Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, and Hanbali - which uniquely interpret the Hadith, or recorded oral traditions of Muhammad. Most wealthy students attend college outside of Haiti. Vodou encompasses several different traditions, and consists of a mix encompassing African, European and indigenous TaÃno religious elements. According to the government, this was due to not having received necessary financial documentation as part of the registration process. Damages and losses were evaluated at around US$8 billion or 120 percent of GDP. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes. According to recent estimates by the CIA World Factbook and Pew Research Center, between 55 and 60% of Haitians are Catholics. HAITI 2 International Religious Freedom Report for 2018 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Section I. Many protestant theologies emphasize the primary role of scripture in their faith, advocating individual interpretation of Christian texts without the mediation of a final religious authority such as the Roman Pope. Catholics believe the Pope is the divinely ordered head of the Church from a direct spiritual legacy of Jesus' apostle Peter. The Shia believe Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, was the only divinely ordained Imam (religious leader), while the Sunni maintain the first three caliphs after Muhammad were also legitimate authorities. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. It is believed that the impact of this speech on the Catholic bureaucracy in Haiti contributed to his removal in 1986. Following in this legacy, Catholicism was in the Haitian constitution as its official state religion until 1987. Although Haiti’s official language is French, the country is not considered a Francophone nation, since most of the population speaks Creole, rather than French. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). note: many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; Vodou was recognized as an official religion in 2003 Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The Catholic Church has a comprehensive theological and moral doctrine specified for believers in its catechism, which makes it unique among most forms of Christianity. , The CIA World Factbook reports that 2.1% of the population identifies its religion as Vodou, but adds that "many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism". A majority of Shia are known as "Twelvers," because they believe that the 11 familial successor imams after Muhammad culminate in a 12th Imam (al-Mahdi) who is hidden in the world and will reappear at its end to redeem the righteous. Jainism - Originating in India, Jain spiritual philosophy believes in an eternal human soul, the eternal universe, and a principle of "the own nature of things." Christianity - Descending from Judaism, Christianity's central belief maintains Jesus of Nazareth is the promised messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that his life, death, and resurrection are salvific for the world. Their scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib - also known as the Adi Granth - is considered the living Guru, or final authority of Sikh faith and theology. During the season of Lent, Vodou societies create parading musical bands for a festival called Rara, and fulfill religious obligations in local spaces such as streams, rivers, and trees. In a speech in the capital of Port-au-Prince, he criticized the government of Jean-Claude Duvalier. The state religion is Roman Catholicism, which 55–60% of the population professes.  The first BahÃ¡Ê¼Ã to visit Haiti was Leonora Armstrong in 1927. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Eastern-Rite Churches, such as the Maronite Church and the Ukrainian Catholic Church, are in communion with Rome although they preserve their own worship traditions and their immediate hierarchy consists of clergy within their own rite. The Catholic Church also retains the right to appoint certain amounts of clergy in Haiti without the government's consent. , At the church's April 2009 General Conference, Fouchard Pierre-Nau, a native of JÃ©rÃ©mie, was called as an area seventy in the church's Fourth Quorum of the Seventy, the most prominent church position ever held by a Haitian. The Orthodox Christian faith shares many theological tenets with the Roman Catholic Church, but diverges on some key premises and does not recognize the governing authority of the Pope. Capital Port-au-Prince Population (2010) 9,990,000 Annual population growth rate (2000-2010) 1.5% Population gain (2000-2010) 1,348,000 GDP per capita Protestant Christianity: Protestant Christianity originated in the 16th century as an attempt to reform Roman Catholicism's practices, dogma, and theology. Here are the 5 most shocking facts about poverty in Haiti post earthquake. Voodoo/Vodun: a form of spirit and ancestor worship combined with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism. Similar to the rest of Latin America, Saint-Domingue was built up by Roman Catholic European powers such as the Spanish and the French. Divine revelation of principles and prohibitions in the Hebrew Scriptures form the basis of Jewish law, or halakhah, which is a key component of the faith. L'histoire de l'islam à Haïti est liée avec celle d… According to the Catholic Church in Haiti, the 10 dioceses of the two ecclesiastical provinces of Haiti include 251 parishes and about 1,500 Christian rural communities. The United States is the top global destination for Haitian migrants, who left Haiti in the wake of political instability and a series of natural disasters, including a 2010 earthquake that devastated the country. Confucianism has strongly influenced the culture and beliefs of East Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Taoists believe the esoteric world is made up of a perfect harmonious balance and nature, while in the manifest world - particularly in the body - balance is distorted. In order to live an Islamic life, believers must follow the five pillars, or tenets, of Islam, which are the testimony of faith (shahada), daily prayer (salah), giving alms (zakah), fasting during Ramadan (sawm), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj). Confucianism: an ideology that humans are perfectible through self-cultivation and self-creation; developed from teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. , There is a group of Judaism predominantly residing in Port-au-Prince, where the community today meets at the home of businessman billionaire Gilbert Bigio, a Haitian of Syrian descent. Catholicism became the official religion of Haiti from 1697 after the French took over the Western half of the island, and it remained the official religion until 1985. Shinto practitioners worship several particular kamis, including the kamis of nature, and families often have shrines to their ancestors' kamis. Zoroastrianism - Originating from the teachings of Zoroaster in about the 9th or 10th century B.C., Zoroastrianism may be the oldest continuing creedal religion. Pagan is a blanket term used to describe many unconnected belief practices throughout history, usually in reference to religions outside of the Abrahamic category (monotheistic faiths like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam). Jain philosophy teaches non-violence and prescribes vegetarianism for monks and laity alike; its adherents are a highly influential religious minority in Indian society. It encompasses several forms or denominations which are extremely varied in structure, beliefs, relationship to state, clergy, and governance. Las ideas erróneas sobre el vudú le han dado a Haití una reputación de brujería y zombis. The impact of a magnitude 7.0 earthquake on January 12, 2010 affected Haiti's capital and nearby towns and killed up to 230,000 people. 42.3% of the total population struggle with access to clean drinking water while at least 72.4% of the population struggles with access to improved sanitation facilities. This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. This religious complex is a syncretic mixture of African and Catholic beliefs, rituals, and religious specialists, and its practitioners ( sèvitè ) continue to be members of a Catholic parish. ", "Haiti richest Man, Billionaire Gilbert Bigio", International Religious Freedom Report 2017 Haiti, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Haiti&oldid=992598960, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 03:31.  All four stakes are based in the capital region; districts are based in Les Cayes, Saint-Marc, GonaÃ¯ves, and Cap-HaÃ¯tien. Respect for the kamis in nature is a key Shinto value. There are also 1,300 religious missionary priests belonging to more than 70 religious order and fraternities. , The CIA Factbook reports that around 28.5% of the population is Protestant (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5% other 0.7%). Adherents are required to evangelize and to follow a strict moral code. In terms of quality of life and overall happiness, Haiti is still striving for improvements.  After that others visited until Louis George Gregory visited in January 1937 and he mentions a small community of BahÃ¡Ê¼Ãs operating in Haiti. , According to the government, Muslims in jail do not reliably have access to halal food and Muslim clergy due to a lack of resources. The majority of Haitians believe … The Catholic Church in Haiti is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope, the curia in Rome and the Conference of Haitian Bishops. It emphasizes compassion for all living things, seeks liberation of the human soul from reincarnation through enlightenment, and values personal responsibility due to the belief in the immediate consequences of one's behavior. Shintoism has no fixed tradition of prayers or prescribed dogma, but is characterized by individual ritual. Bigio owns the only Torah in all of the country, which he provides to the community for services.  Groundbreaking took place 28 October 2017. Adherents simultaneously worship Jesus Christ and Palauan goddesses. It is part of Province 2 of the Episcopal Church (United States). Many Muslims were imported as slaves to Haiti. Capital Port-au-Prince Population (2010) 9,990,000 Annual population growth rate (2000-2010) 1.5% Population gain (2000-2010) Hinduism - Originating in the Vedic civilization of India (second and first millennium B.C. Islam - The third of the monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, Islam originated with the teachings of Muhammad in the 7th century.  From 1951 the Haitian BahÃ¡Ê¼Ãs participated in regional organizations of the religion until 1961 when Haitian BahÃ¡Ê¼Ãs elected their own National Spiritual Assembly and soon took on goals reaching out into neighboring islands. Judaism - One of the first known monotheistic religions, likely dating to between 2000-1500 B.C., Judaism is the native faith of the Jewish people, based upon the belief in a covenant of responsibility between a sole omnipotent creator God and Abraham, the patriarch of Judaism's Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh. Haiti Table of Contents. . Las imágenes populares del vudú han ignorado la base de la religión como unculto doméstico a los espíritus familiares. The key ethical tenets of Zoroastrianism expressed in its scripture, the Avesta, are based on a dualistic worldview where one may prevent chaos if one chooses to serve God and exercises good thoughts, good words, and good deeds. In April 2016, Pierre-Nau was released and Hubermann Bien-AimÃ©, a native of GonaÃ¯ves, was called to that same quorum. Il existe une petite communauté musulmane en Haïti, résidant principalement à Port-au-Prince, Cap-Haïtien et ses banlieues environnantes. Religion in Haiti Religion Number of followers Percentage of total population Christianity 10,026,638 86.9 % Religiously Unaffiliated 1,223,042 10.6 % Folk or traditional religions 253,839 2.2 % Other 34,614 0.3 % Source: Pew . They became merchants and integrated themselves into the French Catholic society. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide, and its distinguishing feature is its reverence for Ali as an infallible, divinely inspired leader, and as the first Imam of the Muslim community after Muhammad.  The first long term pioneers, Ruth and Ellsworth Blackwell, arrived in 1940. Atheism: the belief that there are no deities of any kind. Government officials claim that they are working with the Vodou community to establish a certification process for their clergy in order to resolve this issue. The constitution of Haiti establishes the freedom of religion and does not establish a state religion, although the Catholic Church receives some preferential treatment. , Religious groups are not required to register with the government, but may do so in order to receive special standing in legal proceedings, tax exemptions, and civil recognition for marriage and baptismal certificates. Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. note: all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice Roman Catholicism is the official religion of Haiti, but voodoo may be considered the country's national religion. Most voodooists believe that their religion can coexist with Catholicism. Mormonism believes earlier Christian traditions, such as the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant reform faiths, are apostasies and that Joseph Smith's revelation of the Book of Mormon is a restoration of true Christianity. Modekngei: a hybrid of Christianity and ancient Palauan culture and oral traditions founded around 1915 on the island of Babeldaob.  The Association of Religion Data Archives (relying mostly on the World Christian Encyclopedia) estimated some 21,000 BahÃ¡Ê¼Ãs in Haiti in 2005 and about the same in 2010. Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews expensive ceremonies and temples and relocates the primary practices into the home.  The proportion of Haitians that practice Vodou is disputed, due to the often syncretic manner in which it is practiced alongside Catholicism, in spite of the Church's strong condemnation of it. But surveys have found the vast majority of Haitians – regardless of religious affiliation – hold at least some Voodoo beliefs. And Haiti is seeing good results: According to the latest figures from UNAIDS, Haiti's HIV prevalence rates are dropping: The percentage of pregnant women … Christianity is one of the three monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, along with Islam and Judaism, which traces its spiritual lineage to Abraham of the Hebrew Scriptures. MAP OF HAITI Note: Haiti is divided into 10 departments. In 2000, Nawoon Marcellus, a member of Fanmi Lavalas from Saint-RaphaÃ«l, became the first Muslim elected to the Chamber of Deputies of Haiti. It is a creolized religion forged by descendants of Dahomean, Kongo, Yoruba, and other African ethnic groups who had been enslaved and brought to colonial Saint-Domingue and Christianized by Roman Catholic missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. Because of both violence and AIDS, Haiti has the highest percentage of orphans of any country in the Western Hemisphere. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. On 12 January 2010, Haiti was struck by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that left up to 85,000 people dead and around 1.6 million homeless. It recognizes the Abu Bakr as the first caliph after Muhammad. The Druze have a key presence in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. African Ethnic Groups in Haiti A large percentage of Haitians are of African descent. Today, though a minority, Zoroastrians remain primarily in Iran, India (where they are known as Parsi), and Pakistan. While there are extensive traditions of Jewish halakhic and theological discourse, there is no final dogmatic authority in the tradition. It is supranational, and recognizes a hierarchical structure with the Pope, or Bishop of Rome, as its head, located at the Vatican. Religion Internet & Tech Science Hispanics Global Methods Publications Topics Interactives Data and Resources Our Experts April 2, 2015 Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050 The religious profile of the world is rapidly. Druze faith: A highly secretive tradition and a closed community that derives from the Ismaili sect of Islam; its core beliefs are thought to emphasize a combination of Gnostic principles believing that the Fatimid caliph, al-Hakin, is the one who embodies the key aspects of goodness of the universe, which are, the intellect, the word, the soul, the preceder, and the follower. The goal of religious life is to learn to act so as to finally achieve liberation (moksha) of one's soul, escaping the rebirth cycle. These differ in their views and observance of Jewish law, with the Orthodox representing the most traditional practice, and Reform/Liberal communities the most accommodating of individualized interpretations of Jewish identity and faith. 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